1. Elder Boyd K. Packer. The Holy Temple. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1980.)

  2. Elder James E. Talmage. The House of the Lord: A Study of Temples Ancient and Modern.

    • The newest edition is a reprint of the original 1912 printing, with many pictures of the interior of the SLC temple. Some of those old photos are available here.
    • New edition with pictures reviewed by FARMS here.
    • The full book is available online from Gospelink (subscription required)
    • For quality color pictures of the interior of the Salt Lake city temple, see this Ensign article.
  3. Elder Royden G. Derrick (1st Quorum of the 70, former President of the Seattle Temple.) Temples in the Last Days (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1987.)

    Out of print.

  4. Links to each of the recent Priesthood/Relief Society Manual, Teachings of Presidents of the Church.

  5. Links to the chapters in the full books. (All links to Gospelink- subscription required)

  6. Matthew B. Brown. The Gate of Heaven. (American Fork, Utah: Covenant Communications, 1999)

    • Highly recommended. Discusses ritual, symbolism, and temples of the Old and New Testaments. Also contains an appendix that serves as a good introduction to the relationship between the Temple ordinances and Freemasonry.
    • Reviewed briefly in FARMS Review of Books and BYU Studies 39:2 (2000).
    • FAIR Bookstore, Deseret Book.
  7. Temples of the Ancient World. Donald W. Parry and Stephen D. Ricks, eds. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1994.) Abbreviated as TAW throughout this page.

    • Large book composed of different articles on the temple, arranged thematically.
    • This is required reading for someone who wants to understand the ancient symbolism and setting of the temple ordinances.
    • Gospelink (requires subscription)
    • Deseret Book.
  8. Donald W. Parry and Stephen D. Ricks, eds. The Temple in Time and Eternity. (Provo, Utah: FARMS, 1999.) This is the second volume in FARMS’ Temple series. Abbreviated TTE throughout this page.

  9. Hugh W. Nibley. Temple and Cosmos: Beyond this Ignorant Present. Don Norton, ed. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1992.) Abbreviated TAC throughout this page.

  10. Hugh Nibley. Mormonism and Early Christianity. (Provo, Utah: FARMS, 1987) Abbreviated MEC throughout this page.

  11. Hugh Nibley. Approaching Zion. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1989). Abbreviated AZ throughout.

  12. Hugh Nibley. The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1975.)

    • Originally published in 1975, MJSP has recently been reprinted by FARMS. The text itself borders on incomprehensible, due to the technicality of the topic and the constant citing of German, Egyptian, Greek, etc., but the texts reproduced in the appendices offer striking parallels to LDS temple concepts.
    • Gospelink (requires subscription) The text will apparently be available (along with some other books) in the FARMS subscribers area.
    • Deseret Book
  13. Matthew B. Brown and Paul T. Smith. Symbols in Stone. (American Fork, Utah: Covenant Communications, 1997.)

    • Discusses the architecture, decorations, and symbolism of the Kirtland, Nauvoo, and Salt Lake City temples.
    • Brief FARMS review here.
    • Deseret Book
  14. John Welch. The Sermon at the Temple and the Sermon on the Mount: A Latter-day Saint Approach. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1990.)

    • Approaches the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5-7) and the Sermon at the Temple (3 Nephi 12-14) as a temple text, or a sort-of temple-preparation. class. This is a fascinating approach and well done.
    • FARMS review here.
    • FAIR Bookstore, Deseret Book
    • Gospelink (requires subscription)
  15. N. B. Lundwall. Temples of The Most High. (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1993.)

    • Contains several discourses on the temple. The pre-1950 edition has an interesting but highly speculative and methodologically naïve article on “Sacred Geometry.” I have found an electronic copy of this article, but I don’t think it has much value, so I haven’t posted it.
    • Gospelink (requires subscription)
  16. The Temple in Antiquity. Truman Madsen, ed. (Provo, Utah: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1984)

    • Contains one general article by Madsen and two by Hugh Nibley, both now reprinted elsewhere, as well as multiple articles on ancient Near Eastern temples by prominent non-LDS scholars.
    • Gospelink (requires subscription)
  17. John D. Charles. Endowed from On High: Understanding the Symbols of the Endowment. (Salt Lake City UT: Horizon, 1997)

    • I can’t speak to the content because I haven’t read it yet (it’s on my shelf), but I have some concerns about the author’s background. That aside, it’s been recommended to me by people I trust.
    • Reviewed by Marc Schindler on his webpage.
    • FAIR Bookstore, Deseret Book.
  18. John L. Lundquist, The Temple: Meeting Place between Heaven and Earth, (W.W. Norton and Co., 1993)

    • This book has many pictures of various sacred centers or temples in the Near East, Asia, South and Mesoamerica, Europe. Lundquist uses these to illustrate one of his major studies, the nearly world-wide temple typology. (See his LDS and non-LDS papers in the typology section.)
    • Lundquist has edited several LDS books, and appears in the video Between Heaven and Earth in the multimedia section.
    • Amazon
  19. Richard O. Cowan. Temples to Dot the Earth (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1989)

  20. Jon D. Levenson. Sinai and Zion: An Entry into the Jewish Bible (Minneapolis: Winston Press, 1985)

    • Levenson discusses covenant, covenant renewal, and the centrality of covenant, temple, and “law.” It’s a fairly easy read, not technical at all.
    • Amazon
  21. “Christ Manifested to His People.”- Elder Marion D. Hanks. TAW: 3-28. Gospelink (subscription required)

  22. “A House of Glory.”- Hugh Nibley. TAW: 29-47.

  23. “The Meaning of the Temple.” –Hugh Nibley, TAC: 1-41.

  24. “Temples- the Gates to Heaven.” – Elder Marion G. Romney. Ensign, March 1971.

  25. “The Holy Temple.” – Elder Boyd K. Packer. Ensign, February 1995.

  26. “Temples.” –Encyclopedia of Mormonism. Abbreviated EM throughout.

  27. “Ancient Temples and their Function.” –Sidney B. Sperry. Ensign, January 1972.

  28. Between Heaven and Earth- Presentation originally broadcast between October 2002 (?) general conference sessions, featuring both LDS and non-LDS scholars such as Frank Moore Cross (Harvard), Krister Stendahl (Harvard), Lawrence Schiffman (NYU), John Lundquist, Truman Madsen, Elder Boyd K. Packer, and Elder Jeffrey R. Holland, among others.

  29. “What I Hope You Will Teach Your Children about the Temple.” President Ezra Taft Benson. Ensign, August 1985: 6-10.

  30. “Endowment.” –Elder Alma P. Burton. EM, 454-456.

  31. “The Purpose of the Temple.” – President David O. McKay. Pamphlet published by the LDS church, 1960(?).

  32. “Temple Ordinances.” -Allen Claire Rozsa, EM: 1444-45

  33. “Why these Temples?”- President Gordon B. Hinckley, Ensign. This article appears in the undated issue devoted to temples.

  34. “What is a Temple?” – Hugh Nibley. MEC, 355-383

  35. Elder Russell M. Nelson, “Personal Preparation for Temple Blessings.” Ensign, May 2001

    • Gives some suggestions for personal temple preparation, including reading portions of the Old Testament.
  36. Richard O. Cowan and Frank A. Bruno, Bibliography on Temples and Temple Work (Provo: Brigham Young University, 1982)

  37. Elder Franklin D. Richards “The Temple of the Lord: The Importance of Temples, Ancient and Modern.” Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine 11 (Oct. 1920): 146-49.

    • I’m not sure which Franklin D. Richards wrote this. One would have been dead for 20 years, and the other 20 years old and serving a mission, so I assume it’s a reprint of something the first one wrote.
  38. Elder John A. Widtsoe. “Temple and Temple Building” Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine 12 (July 1921): 113-22.

  39. “What is a Temple? A Preliminary Typology.” John M. Lundquist. TAW: 83-117.

  40. “Garden of Eden: Prototype Sanctuary”- Donald W. Parry. TAW: 126-151.

  41. “Sinai as Sanctuary and Mountain of God.” –Donald Parry. BSAF 1:482-500.

  42. “Demarcation between Sacred Space and Profane Space: The Temple of Herod Model.”- Donald Parry. TAW: 413-439.

  43. “Seven Promises to those who Overcome: Aspects of Genesis 2-3 in the Seven Letters.” Richard D. Draper and Donald W. Parry. TTE:121-142.

    • Compares the promises made to the faithful in Revelation 2:7, 11, 17, 26-28, 3:5, and 12 with the events and symbolism in the Garden of Eden.
    • FARMS link. (Import my copy.)
  44. “An Inscribed Chinese Gold Plate in its Context: Glimpses of the Sacred Center.” David B. Honey and Michael Lyon. DAS 19-66.

  45. “Return to the Temple.” Hugh Nibley. TAC: 42-90.

    • Edited form of presentation made by Hugh Nibley to the Quorum of the Twelve and First Presidency in the Salt Lake City temple. Drawings.
    • Gospelink (subscription required)
    • Cf. Changes in the Temple #6 and Misc. #1.
  46. John M. Lundquist, “Temple Symbolism in Isaiah.” In Isaiah and the Prophets, ed. Monte S. Nyman (Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University): 33-53.

  47. John M. Lundquist, “The Common Temple Ideology of the Ancient Near East.” In The Temple in Antiquity, ed. Truman G. Madsen (Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1984): 54-78.

  48. John M. Lundquist, “Fundamentals of Temple Ideology from Eastern Traditions.” In Revelation, Reason, and Faith: Essays in Honor of Truman C. Madsen, ed. Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson and Stephen D. Ricks (Provo, UT: FARMS, 2002): 651-701.

  49. James L. Carroll, “A Revised Temple Typology” in Hagion Temenos, 2nd Edition, ed. Stephen Ricks, (Provo UT: BYU Press, 2005).

    • “John M. Lundquist’s “Temple Typology” has been highly influential in the past several years. This “Revised Temple Typology” attempts to build upon what he has created by synthesizing several of Lundquist’s publications and by adding several new elements to the typology. Further, the typology is reordered, and organized into three main categories, “the Temple Space,” “The Temple Rites,” and “The Temple and Community.” Short titles have also been added to the typology elements. It is hoped that these changes will improve the use of the typology in teaching situations.”
    • Word file
  50. Stephen Ricks. “Liturgy and Cosmogony: The Ritual Use of Creation Accounts in the Ancient Near East.” TAW: 118-125.

    • Discusses usage of the creation narrative in Jewish temple rituals. Professor Ricks once quipped that he had offered this article to BYU Studies. The secretary he talked to said, “Why would BYU Studies be interested in THAT?” He replied (at least in class,) “If you don’t know, I’m not going to tell you.”
    • Gospelink (subscription required)
  51. Because it relates to creation, I include this link to the official BYU packet on evolution, which includes “all statements issued by the First Presidency…on the subject of evolution and the origin of man.”

    • For more on this topic, I recommend this page by Marc Schindler, with many statements on both sides of the issue.
    • In essence, the official position seems that there is no official position.
    • Cf. “Origin of Man” in EM:1053-54, Gospelink (subscription required)
  52. Kevin Barney, “Examining Six Key Concepts in Joseph Smith’s Understanding of Genesis 1:1″ BYUS 39:3 (2000): 107-124.

    • Highly recommended. Discusses 1) creation as organization from extant matter (ie. not creation ex nihilo), 2) a plurality of divine beings, 3) a supreme God at the head, 4) premortal council in heaven, 5) a god appointed over this world, and 6) persistant plurality throughout Israelite history.
  53. The question is sometimes asked, why aren’t the 4 creation accounts identical in every respect?

    • Keith Meservy briefly addresses this question in “Four Accounts of the Creation.” Ensign, January 1986.
    • The EM article on Creation discusses it very briefly.
    • A harmony of the three scriptural accounts of creation. (Harmonies are sometimes useful, but some things aren’t meant to be harmonized.
    • My commentary.
  54. Jolene Edmunds Rockwood. “Eve’s Role in Creation and the Fall.” In Women and the Power Within (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1991) 49-62.

    • This is an excellent article, though I believe she draws firmer conclusions than justified on creation. In absence of a detailed revelation on the process or nature of creation, prophets and apostles have expressed widely different opinions. See Creation.
    • Gospelink (subscription required), or pdf. file here.
  55. Jolene Edmunds Rockwood, “The Redemption of Eve” in Sisters in Spirit: Mormon Women in Historical and Cultural Perspective, ed. Maureen Ursenbach Beecher and Lavinia Fielding Anderson (Urbana of Illinois Press: Urbana and Chicago, 1987): 3-29.

    • This is a longer and more technical version of Rockwood’s “Eve’s Role in the Creation and Fall” above.
    • PDF file.
  56. Bruce M. Pritchett, Jr. “Lehi’s Theology of the Fall in Its Preexilic/Exilic Context.” JBMS 3:2 (1994): 49–83.

    • The Old Testament does not teach the Fall and associated concepts as clearly as the Book of Mormon. Pritchett looks below the surface in this fascinating article.
  57. Stephen Ricks, “Adam’s Fall in the Book of Mormon, Second Temple Judaism, and Early Christianity.” DAS: 595-606.

  58. Beverly Campbell, Eve and the Choice Made in Eden. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2003)

  59. Beverly Campbell, Eve and the Mortal Journey (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005)

    • I haven’t read this, but I presume it’s a follow-up to Campbell’s Eve and the Choice Made in Eden.
    • Deseret Book
  60. Beverly Campbell, “Mother Eve, Mentor for Today’s Women: A Heritage of Honor.” Talk given 2 April 1993 at the 11th annual conference of Collegium Aesculapium (Requires address change.)

  61. “Fall of Adam.” –Robert J. Matthews. EM: 485-86.

  62. Duane Wilson, “Temple Symbolism in The Conflict of Adam and Eve.” Studia Antiqua: The Journal of the Student Society for Ancient Studies, Vol. 2, Num. 2 (Fall 2002): 33-51. (Journal in pdf format)

  63. James Carroll, “The Reconciliation of Adam and Israelite Temples.” Studia Antiqua: The Journal of the Student Society for Ancient Studies Vol. 3 Num. 1 (Winter 2003): 83-104.

  64. “Patriarchy and Matriarchy.” –Hugh Nibley, Old Testament and Related Studies, 87-113.

  65. RoseAnn Benson, “The Marriage of Adam and Eve, an Ancient Covenant” MA Thesis, BYU (March 2003).

  66. Martin J. Palmer, “Adam- Ancient Sources.” EM:15-18

  67. R. David Freedman, “Woman, a Power Equal to Man” Biblical Archaeology Review, Jan/Feb. (1983):56-58.

    • Discusses the Hebrew background and misleading translation of Genesis 2:16 as “help meet for him.”
    • PDF file.
  68. “What does it mean when the Lord said he would create for Adam ‘an help meet for him’?” Ensign, January 1994.

  69. Alonzo Gaskill,  The Savior and the Serpent: Unlocking the Doctrine of the Fall (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005)

    • I haven’t read this, and can offer no opinion.
    • Deseret Book
  70. John Tvedtnes, “Priestly Clothing in Biblical Times,” TAW: 649-704.

  71. Stephen D. Ricks, “The Garment of Adam in Jewish, Muslim and Christian Sources.” TAW 705-740.

  72. Blake Ostler, “Clothed Upon: A Unique Aspect of Christian Antiquity.” BYUS 22:1 (1982): 31-45.

  73. John Welch and Claire Foley, “Gammadia on Early Jewish and Christian.”  BYU Studies 36:3 (1996-97): 253-60.

    • (Gammadia is an anglicized plural of gamma, the third letter of the Greek alphabet. Gamma looks like a 90 degree triangle with the hypotenuse removed, and the corner at the top left, one leg going down and one to the right.
    • Gospelink (subscription required). Gammadia section is near the bottom of link. BYU Library Viewer. Free PDF from BYU Studies.
  74. Wilfred Griggs et al., “Evidences of a Christian Population in the Egyptian Fayum and Genetic and Textile Studies of the Akhmim Noble Mummies.” BYU Studies 33:2 (1993): 215-243.

    • Some mummies are dressed in what appears to be priestly clothing for early Christians. Color photos. Abstract here.
    • “Ten of the robes on this burial are plain linen garments, but the many strands of linen ribbon wrapped around the upper half of the body are gathered together into a complex knot. This knot is found on the left shoulder on two of the robes, and on the right shoulder of the remaining eight robes. The symbol of the sacred knot or bow is common in Egypt and elsewhere and may indicate sacerdotal, or priestly, authority. The piece of clothing closest to the body is not usually well preserved, due to the destructive influence of fluids and chemicals remaining in the body. In this burial, as well as a few others, however, the woolen garment next to the skin is sufficiently well preserved for us to observe that small rosettes have been woven into the material in particular locations. There is one rosette over each breast and one on the right leg near the knee, but there is no corresponding rosette on the left leg. Across the lower abdomen, the material also has a hemmed slit about six inches long.” 225-226.
    • Gospelink (subscription required). BYU Library Viewer.
  75. Elder Carlos Asay, “The Temple Garment: An Outer Display of an Inward Commitment.” Ensign, August 1997:19-23.

  76. E. Jan Wilson, “Inside a Sumerian Temple: The Ekishnugal at Ur.” TTE: 303-334, esp. 312-13.

    • Among others, discusses ritual Sumerian clothing and a possible etymological relation to Joseph’s mysterious ketonet passim. This is better known in English as his “coat of many colors” but that translation comes from the Septuagint (Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible). No one is sure what the Hebrew means.
    • FARMS transcript (requires subscription)
  77. Hugh Nibley, “Sacred Vestments.”  TAC: 91-138.

  78. Evelyn T. Marshall, “Garments.”  EM: 534-535.

  79. Michael Fordham, “Did the Lord Reject the Fig Leaf Worn by Adam and Eve?”  FAIR paper

  80. Matthew Brown, “Girded about with a Lambskin.” JBMS 6:2 (1997): 124-151.

    • “The publication of the Book of Mormon brought forward the first of many comparisons between the restorational work of the Prophet Joseph Smith and his surrounding environment, including Freemasonry. One point of comparison has been the lambskin apparel mentioned in 3 Nephi 4:7. I will suggest a possible connection between this item of apparel and ritual clothing that was worn in ancient Israel, Egypt, and Mesoamerica. I will also suggest a possible reason for the use of this item of clothing among the secret combinations in the Book of Mormon. Finally, I will discuss the lambskin apron used in Freemasonic ritual.”
  81. Stephen Ricks, “Oaths and Oath Taking in the Old Testament.” TTE: 43-54.

  82. Todd Compton, “The Handclasp and Embrace as Tokens of Recognition.”  BSAF 1:611-643.

  83. Lynn and Hope Hilton, “The Hand as a Cup in Ancient Temple Worship.” Presentation made at BYU symposium.

    • Also includes Anchor Bible Dictionary entry on “Incense Dish” as supporting information.
    • pdf copy
    • See also the commentary on Revelation 8:3-4 under Scriptural References
  84. “The Atonement of Jesus Christ.” –Hugh Nibley. Ensign, July-October 1990. Part 1. Part 2. Part 3. Part 4.

  85. Donald W. Parry, “Three Temple Entrance Hymns.” In Revelation, Reason, and Faith: Essays in Honor of Truman G. Madsen. Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson, and Stephen D. Ricks eds. (Provo, UT: FARMS, 2002):??.

    • Discusses Psalm 15, 24, and Isaiah 33 which function as an Israelite “Temple recommend” – interviews and moral requirements to enter the Israelite temple compound.
  86. Stephen Ricks and John J. Sroka, “King, Coronation, and Temple: Enthronement Ceremonies in History.” TAW, 236-271.

  87. John Tvedtnes, “Olive Oil: Symbol of the Holy Ghost.”   in The Allegory of the Olive Tree: The Olive, the Bible, and Jacob 5. Stephen D. Ricks, and John Welch, eds. (SLC: Deseret Book/FARMS, 1994): 427-459.

  88. Donald W. Parry, “Ritual Anointing with Olive Oil in Ancient Israelite Religion”  in The Allegory of the Olive Tree: The Olive, the Bible, and Jacob 5. Stephen D. Ricks, and John Welch, eds. (SLC: Deseret Book/FARMS, 1994): 262-290.

  89. Donald W. Parry, “Washings and Anointings.” EM: 1551

  90. Allen Claire Rozsa, “Temple Ordinances.” EM: 1444-45

  91. Bruce Porter, “Altar”  EM: 36-37.

  92. Matthew J. Grey, “Becoming as a Little Child: Elements of Ritual Rebirth in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity.” Studia Antiqua: The Journal of the Student Society for Ancient Studies Vol. 1 Num. 1, Fall 2001. 63-85.

    • Discusses washing, anointing, clothing, and naming as early Christian and Jewish rituals of rebirth.
    • Available soon from their website.
  93. James Carroll and Elizabeth Siler, “Let My Prayer be Set Before Thee: The Burning of Incense in the Temple Cult of Ancient Israel.”  Studia Antiqua: The Journal of the Student Society for Ancient Studies Vol. 2, Num. 2 (Fall 2002):17-32.

  94. Mark J. Morrise,  “Simile Curses in the Ancient Near East, Old Testament, and Book of Mormon” JBMS 2:1 (Spring 1993): 124-138  Also in .pdf format.

  95. David Rolph Seely, “The Raised Hand of God as an Oath Gesture.” In A.B. Beck, A.H. Bartelt, P.R. Raabe , & C.A. Franke, Fortunate the Eyes that See: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman (Grand Rapids, MI, 1995): 411-421.

    • Seely discusses biblical passages in which one swears an oath by raising the right hand.
  96. Wouter Van Beek,“Covenants.”  EM: 331-33

  97. Victor Ludlow, “Covenant Teachings of the Scriptures.” -A BYU devotional given October 13, 1998.

  98. Jeff Lindsay on LDS covenants, from his excellent website.

  99. “What is a covenant?” from my Temple Preparation FAQ

    • Discusses covenants in the scriptures and the rituals for making them, and draws comparisons to the temple ordinances.
  100. “Covenant”- LDS Bible Dictionary

  101. Bruce H. Porter and Stephen D. Ricks, “Names in Antiquity: Old, New, and Hidden.” – BSAF 1:501-522.

  102. Truman Madsen, “‘Putting on the Names’: A Jewish-Christian Legacy.” – BSAF 1:458-482.

  103. Lisle Brown, “Begotten Sons and Daughters unto God: The Importance of Names and Naming in the Gospel” unpublished paper no longer available.

  104. George S. Tate, “Prayer Circle.” – EM: 1120-21.

  105. Hugh Nibley, “The Early Christian Prayer Circle.”  MEC, 45-99.

    • See also Todd Compton’s comments towards the bottom of his review here.
  106. “Latter-day Saint Prayer Circles.” D. Michael Quinn. BYUS 19:1 (1978): 79-105.

  107. “Baptism for the Dead.” –Two articles, by Elder H. David Burton and Krister Stendahl (Lutheran Bishop of Sweden and former Dean of the Harvard Divinity School). EM, ??

  108. Donald Parry, “Temple Worship and a Possible Reference to a Prayer Circle in Psalm 24.” BYU Studies 32:4 (1992): 57-62.

    • Summary.
    • Free pdf copy from BYU Studies.
    • Parry proposes to revocalize a word in Psalm 24:6 to read “the circle of those who seek you” instead of “the generation of those who seek you.” Psalm 24 is a Temple-related hymn. See the articles here.
  109. John Tvedtnes, “Temple Prayer in Ancient Times.” TTE: 79-98.

  110. Mention of prayer circles in the Ensign-

    • President N. Eldon Tanner, “The Administration of the Church.” Ensign, (Nov. 1979)
    • President Kimball,”The Lord Expects His Saints to Follow the Commandments.” Ensign (May 1977): 4.
    • Elder Holland (then BYU President) “President Thomas S. Monson: Man of Action, Man of Faith, Always ‘on the Lord’s Errand’” Ensign (Feb. 1986): 16.
    • Stanley B. Kimball, “The Mormon Pioneer Trail, 1846–47,” Ensign, (Sept. 1979): 75.
  111. M. Catharine Thomas, “Hebrews: To Ascend the Holy Mount.” TAW: 479-491. FARMS transcript  Gospelink (subscription required)

  112. Daniel B. McKinlay, “Temple Imagery in the Epistles of Peter.” TAW: 492-514.

  113. Jay and Donald Parry, “The Temple in Heaven: Its Description and Significance.”  TAW: 515-532.

  114. Marcus von Wellnitz, “The Catholic Liturgy and the Mormon Temple.” BYUS 21:1 (1981): 3-35.

    • A fascinating paper tracing the seeming remnant of early Christian temple ordinances into the ordinances of today’s Catholic church.
    • Direct PDF download (15 Mb) from BYU Studies, with pictures. (This is easier to read and download than the link above.
  115. William J. Hamblin, “Aspects of an Early Christian Initiation Ritual”-  BSAF  1:202-221.

  116. John Tvedtnes,“Baptism for the Dead in Early Christianity.”  TTE:55-78.

  117. Wilfred Griggs and S. Kent Brown, “The 40-Day Ministry.”  Ensign August 1975: 6-10.

    • What happened after the resurrection? Apocryphal documents give accounts—some reliable, some not.”
    • Also available here.
  118. Hugh Nibley, “Evangelium Quadraginta Dierum: The Forty-day Mission of Christ—The Forgotten Heritage.”  MEC: 10-44.

  119. John Gee, “Forty-Day Ministry and Other Post-Resurrection Appearances of Jesus Christ”  EM, ??.

    • Also here, but requires some scrolling down to find it.
  120. David Wiley, “The Forty-day teachings of Christ in the Books of Jeu and the Pistis Sophia: A Gnostic Endowment.”  Newly on-line again, here

    • David Wiley is Associate Professor of Instructional Psychology and Technology at Brigham Young University.
  121. Hugh Nibley.  “The Forty Day Ministry.” Talk given at BYU Feb. 12, 1964, in mp3 format. Click here for part 1, here for part 2.

    • From BYU Speeches, a great resource with lots of free mp3s by professors, General Authorities, etc.
  122. Elder John A. Widtsoe, “Is the Gospel Changing?” in Evidences and Reconciliations (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft 1960), 47ff. 

  123. My Father’s House -Temple Worship and Symbolism in the New Testament by Richard Neitzel Holzapfel and David Rolph Seely, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, 1994). ISBN:0884949540

    • Out of print and hard to find. BYU library has several copies.
  124. M. Catharine Thomas, “Hebrews: To Ascend the Holy Mount.” TAW: 479-491.

  125. John Tvedtnes, “Baptism for the Dead in Early Christianity.”  TTE:55-78.

  126. Robert J. Matthews, “Were the blessings of the Temple available to the saints in Jesus’ day…?”  Ensign, September 1974.

  127. Barry Bickmore’s page on Early Christianity and the Endowment.

    • Barry Bickmore is a BYU geology professor who published Restoring the Ancient Church: Joseph Smith and Early Christianity, now available in entirety on-line. See the FAIR review and the FARMS review, both written by David Waltz, a friendly Catholic, which provide good information and perspective.
    • See also the next item.
  128. Barry Bickmore, “Early Mormonism and Christianity: ‘Orthodox’ Christian Esoteric Rites” from his webpage.

  129. Barry Bickmore, “The Temple”  Chapter from his book, Restoring the Ancient Church: Joseph Smith and Early Christianity.

  130. S. Kent Brown,  “The Temple in Luke and Acts.” In Revelation, Reason, and Faith: Essays in Honor of Truman C. Madsen, edited by Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson and Stephen D. Ricks (Provo, UT: FARMS, 2002): 615-633.

  131. Truman G. Madsen,  “The Temple and the Restoration.” In The Temple in Antiquity, edited by Truman G. Madsen, (Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1984): 1-16.

  132. Matthew J. Grey. “Becoming as a Little Child: Elements of Ritual Rebirth in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity.”  Studia Antiqua: The Journal of the Student Society for Ancient Studies Vol. 1 Num. 1, Fall 2001. 63-85. Available soon from their website.

    • Discusses washing, anointing, clothing, and naming as early Christian and Jewish rituals of rebirth
  133. John Tvedtnes. “Early Jewish and Christian Practices Related to the Temple.”  FAIR presentation

  134. William Hamblin, “Temple Motifs in John 17.”  FARMS Paper. Not yet available online.

  135. Hugh Nibley, “Baptism for the Dead in Ancient Times.”  MEC: 100-168.

  136. “Salvation of the Dead.” –EM, 1257-1259.

  137. John A. Tvedtnes, “Proxy Baptism.”  Ensign, February 1977.

  138. Robert L. Millet, “Was baptism for the dead a non-Christian practice in New Testament times (see 1 Cor. 15:29)…?” – Ensign, August 1987, 19-20

  139. Alex L. Baugh. “‘For This Ordinance Belongeth to My House’: The Practice of Baptism for the Dead Outside the Nauvoo Temple.” Mormon Historical Studies 3, no. 1 (Spring 2002): 47-58. In .pdf format.

  140. John Welch, Review of “Corinthian Religion and Baptism for the Dead (1 Corinthians 15:29): Insights from Archaeology.”  FRB 8:2 (1996) :43-45.

    • A Response to Richard E. DeMaris, Journal of Biblical Literature 114/4 (1995): 661-82.
  141. John Tvedtnes. “Baptism for the Dead: The Coptic Rationale.”

  142. John Tvedtnes, “If baptism for the dead is a ‘suppressed’ Christian doctrine dating from the apostolic age, why did Paul use the pronoun ‘they’ instead of the personal ‘we’ or ‘ye’ when referring to the practice?”  online discussion.

  143. John A. Tvedtnes’ review of Luke P. Wilson (of the so-called Institute for Religious Research, an evangelical anti-mormon ministry) “Does the Bible Teach Salvation for the Dead? A Survey of the Evidence” and “Did Jesus Establish Baptism for the Dead?” in FRB 10:2 (1998): 184-199.

  144. Daniel C. Peterson and Stephen D. Ricks. “Baptism for the Dead and Secrecy” from Offenders for a Word: How Anti-Mormons Play Word Games to Attach the Latter-day Saints.

    • This is an excellent book which examines Early Christianity in light of doctrinal objections against Mormonism.
  145. Edmunds, John K. (President of Salt Lake Temple, 1972-77), Through Temple Doors (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1978)

    • This book is  general, but has some interesting tidbits.
    • Out-of-print.
  146. Barry Bickmore’s “Dead End or Dead On?” -A Review of J.P. Holding, “Baptism and Beyond: The Mormon Doctrine of Baptism for the Dead,” in The Mormon Defenders: How Latter-day Saint Apologists Misinterpret the Bible, an antimormon argument about Baptism for the Dead. (No longer on-line)

  147. M. Catherine Thomas, “The Brother of Jared at the Veil.” TAW: 388-398.

  148. John Welch, “The Temple in the Book of Mormon: The Temples at the Cities of Nephi, Zarahemla, and Bountiful.”  TAW: 297-387.

  149. Hugh Nibley, “Ancient Temples: What Do They Signify?” Ensign, September 1972. Reprinted in TAW: 399-410.

  150. LeGrand Baker, “Temple Characteristics of the Book of Mormon.” JBMS 6:2 ??

    • A shortened version of a much longer paper examining the Book of Mormon in light of Lundquist’s Temple typology.
  151. Thomas R. Valletta, “Conflicting Orders: Alma and Amulek at Ammonihah.”  TTE:183-232.

    • This article discusses the Holy Order of Melchizedek as described in Alma 13 and its priesthood connection with temple ordinances. Unmentioned in the text is that Joseph Smith referred to the restored collection of Temple ordinances by several names, including “The Holy Order.”
    • FARMS link, for subscribers.
  152. John Welch, “New Testament Word Studies.”  Ensign April 1993, 28-30.

    • Includes study on the words “Endow” and “Perfect.”
    • He wrote a second article of New Testament word studies that is equally useful, Ensign January 1995.
    • A longer original version of both articles and other words used to be available from FARMS, but is no longer in their database or at byubookstore.com.
  153. Joseph Smith and his contemporaries used multiple terms to refer to the ordinances and those who had received them. They spoke of the “Holy Order,” the “order of the Ancient of Days,” “the Quorum of the Anointed,” etc.

  154. William Hamblin, “Temple Motifs in Jewish Mysticism.” TAW: 440-476.

    • Examines the theme in early Jewish literature of ascending into heaven, bypassing the gatekeepers/sentinels, and entering God’s presence.
    • Gospelink (subscription required).
  155. Gaye Strathearn and Brian Hauglid, “The Great Mosque and its Ka’ba as an Islamic Temple Complex in Light of Lundquist’s Typology of Ancient Near Eastern Temples.” TTE:275-302.

  156. John Gee. “The Keeper of the Gate.”  TTE: 233-274.

  157. David B. Honey and Michael Lyon, “An Inscribed Chinese Gold Plate in its Context: Glimpses of the Sacred Center.” DAS 19-66.

  158. GeorgeMacRae, “The Temple as a House of Revelation in the Nag Hammadi Texts.”  FARMS transcript

  159. Stephen D. Ricks, “Temples through the Ages.”  EM:??

  160. Carol Cornwall Madsen, “Mormon Women and the Temple: Toward a New Understanding.” In Sisters in Spirit: Mormon Women in Historical and Cultural Perspective (Urbana IL: University of Illinois Press, 1987):80-111. Posted here by author’s permission. Carol Madsen is currently a senior researcher at the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History at BYU, and has written broadly on the experiences and history of LDS women. Her own page seems to be down, but she is listed here.

  161. Richard Neitzel Holzapfel and Jeni Broberg Holzapfel. Women of Nauvoo. (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1992).

    -Chapter 9 discusses Joseph Smith’s temple discourses to the Relief Society in Nauvoo, and the introduction of women into the temple ordinances.

  162. Andrew Ehat. “‘Who Shall Ascend into the House of the Lord?’ Sesquicentennial Reflections of a Sacred Day: 4 May 1842”-  TAW:48-62. Gospelink (subscription required)

    -Discusses the restoration of the Endowment and the first day it was given, May 4, 1842, in the upper room of Joseph Smith’s red brick store.

  163. Richard O. Cowan. “Sacred Temples, Ancient and Modern.”  TTE: 99-120

  164. Alan K. Parrish. “Modern Temple Worship through the Eyes of John A. Widtsoe, a Twentieth-Century Apostle.”  TTE: 143-183.

  165. Richard O. Cowan. “The Unfolding Restoration of Temple Work.” Ensign, December 2001

  166. Donald Q. Cannon, Larry E. Dahl and John W. Welch. “The Restoration of Major Doctrines through Joseph Smith: Priesthood, the Word of God, and the Temple.”   Ensign, February 1989

  167. “Can the Temple Ceremony Change?” – Mike Ash, FAIR paper.

  168. Milton V. Backman Jr., and Larry C. Porter. “Doctrine and the Temple in Nauvoo.”  BYUS 32:1-2 (1992):41-56

  169. Longer and respectful treatment of the same, on his website.

  170. While this is indirect, Hugh Nibley’s older articles (such as in Temple and Cosmos or Mormonism and Early Christianity) often refer to the temple ceremony. You can pick up on subtle changes that way. Or, ask an old-timer in the temple sometime.

  171. Andrew F. Ehat. Joseph Smith’s Introduction of Temple Ordinances and the 1844 Mormon Succession Question -  Master’s Thesis, BYU, 1982. 307 p.

    • Available in BYU Special Collections. Though slightly flawed due to the inclusion of some of the then-unknown Mark Hoffman Forgeries, this thesis is nevertheless a highly valuable resource. However,  Andrew Ehat has refused to circulate copies of his thesis and objected to the illegitimate copies available.
  172. Lamar C. Berret, “Endowment Houses.”  EM: 456

    • The Endowment house in SLC was used for giving endowments while Temples were being built. Before it was built, LDS were sometimes endowed on Ensign Peak, beginning with missionaries in 1848.
  173. Go Forward with Faith: The Biography of Gordon B. Hinckley –Sheri L. Dew. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1996): 176-184. Gospelink (subscription required) Account of President Hinckley’s very personal involvement with the adaptation of film as a medium for the temple.

  174. Andrew F. Ehat. “‘That they might have known he was not a fallen prophet.’ The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding.” BYU Studies 19:2 (Winter 1979): 133-167.

    • Contains first-hand accounts of relevant information on the restoration and early implementation of the temple ordinances.
  175. “‘Not to be Riten’: The Mormon Temple Rite as Oral Canon.”- Kathleen Flake. Journal of Ritual Studies 9.2 (1995):1-21. Kathleen Flake is an LDS professor of American Religious History at Vanderbilt University.

  176. “ ‘The Source of All Good Things’: Hugh Nibley and the Temple.” – Boyd Peterson. Hugh Nibley- A Consecrated Life (SLC: Greg Kofford Books, 2002): 351-363, esp. 355-56.

    • Details Hugh Nibley’s involvement with the Apostles and First Presidency on the “history and significance” of the Endowment at a time when changes were being considered. First page of chapter in .pdf format. ISBN 1-58958-020-6
  177. Edward L. Kimball. “The History of LDS Temple Admission Standards.” Journal of Mormon History Spring (1998): 135-175. .

    • Available electronically from the University of Utah library.
    • This paper details the history of requirements, standards, and questions to receive a temple recommend (if they had them at the time) and enter an LDS temple. The implementation and standards embodied by the temple recommend questions have changed over time, but not extensively. An excellent and important article.
  178. Richard O. Cowan. “Brigham Young: Builder of Temples.” In Lion of the Lord: Essays on the Life and Service of Brigham Young, ed. Susan Easton Black and Larry C. Porter (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1996): 227-43.

  179. Kenneth Godfrey. The Importance of the Temple in Understanding the Latter-day Saint Nauvoo Experience: Then and Now. Vol. 6, The Arrington Lecture Series. (Logan, Utah: Utah State University, 2001.) 41 pages.

  180. Truman G. Madsen. “The Temple and the Restoration.” In The Temple in Antiquity, edited by Truman G. Madsen, (Provo, UT: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1984): 1-16.

  181. Isaiah 56:4-6 (particularly v. 5) NRSV

    “For thus says the LORD: To the eunuchs who keep my sabbaths, who choose the things that please me and hold fast my covenant, 5 I will give, in my house and within my walls, a monument and a name better than sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting name that shall not be cut off. 6 And the foreigners who join themselves to the LORD, to minister to him, to love the name of the LORD, and to be his servants, all who keep the sabbath, and do not profane it, and hold fast my covenant…”

    Verse 5 literally reads in Hebrew, “and I will give to them in my house, within my walls a hand and a name, (which is) better than (having) sons or daughters. I will give them an eternal name, that shall not be cut off.” Emphasis mine. Modern translations tend to follow something like the NRSV (“a monument and a name” instead of “a hand and a name”) on the basis of 1 Samuel 15:12 and 2 Sam. 18:18.

    However, the idea of receiving a hand and an eternal name is quite familiar and comfortable to LDS. Several LDS commentators have made mention of this- Donald Parry, Victor Ludlow, and Avraham Gileadi, who gives a heavily-LDS translation “I will give a handclasp and a name within the walls of my house that is better than sons and daughters; I will endow them with an everlasting name that shall not be cut off.”

    See also “The Handclasp and Embrace as a Token of Recognition” under Ritual and the story I’ve reprinted here. For scholarly analysis of Isaiah 56:5, see

    1. Shemaryahu Talmon “‘Yad wasem’, an Idiomatic Phrase in Biblical Literature and its Variations,” Hebrew Studies 25 (1984) 8-17;
    2. Robinson, G. “The meaning of yd in in Isaiah 56, 5.” Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 88 (1976): 282-284;
    3. Japhet, Sara. “yd wsm (Isa 56:5)–A Different Proposal.” Maarav 8 (1992): 69-80;
    4. Van Winkle, D. W. “The Meaning of yadwašem in Isaiah LVI 5.” Vetus Testamentum 47 (1997): 378-385.
  182. 2 Nephi 9:41-42.

    “…Behold, the way for man is narrow, but it lieth in a straight course before him, and the keeper of the gate is the Holy One of Israel; and he employeth no servant there; and there is none other way save it be by the gate; for he cannot be deceived, for the Lord God is his name.42 And whoso knocketh, to him will he open; and the wise, and the learned, and they that are rich, who are puffed up because of their learning, and their wisdom, and their riches–yea, they are they whom he despiseth; and save they shall cast these things away, and consider themselves fools before God, and come down in the depths of humility, he will not open unto them.”

    Cf. “The Keeper of the Gate” and “Temple Motifs in Jewish Mysticism” under Temple and Other Religions as well as Brown, Symbols in Stone, 130-131.

    There is much more to be said about this. A longish essay will be added to the Temple Preparation section about it.

  183. 2 Corinthians 4:4 NIV

    “…the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.”

    This scripture has two interesting aspects.First, it explicitly refers to Lucifer/Satan as “the god of this world.” Similarly, John 12:31, 14:30, and 16:11 all refer to him as the “ruler (Gr. archon) of this world.”
    Second, “world” in 2 Co. 4:4 is a translation of Greek aiōn, meaning a time period or age. (Cf. other translations- NIV, NAB, NET “god of this age.” The NLT, which is more of a paraphrase than a translation, reads “Satan, the god of this evil world…”) Lucifer is thus the god of this period of fallen time, this wicked age.
    This coincides well with Joseph Smith’s interpretation of Matthew 24:4, which reads “what is the sign of [Jesus’ second] coming, and of the end of the world, [which is] the destruction of the wicked?” Joseph’s interpretation thus equates the end of the “world”, (aiōn or time period) with the destruction of the wicked. The destruction of the wicked will end that aiōn.

    Hugh Nibley discusses Lucifer’s claim of ownership of the world, as well as his (temporarily) usurped control of it in several of his articles.

  184. D&C 129:4-9, revealed perhaps as early as 1839-

    “When a messenger comes saying he has a message from God, offer him your hand and request him to shake hands with you.5 If he be an angel he will do so, and you will feel his hand.6 If he be the spirit of a just man made perfect he will come in his glory; for that is the only way he can appear–7 Ask him to shake hands with you, but he will not move, because it is contrary to the order of heaven for a just man to deceive; but he will still deliver his message.8 If it be the devil as an angel of light, when you ask him to shake hands he will offer you his hand, and you will not feel anything; you may therefore detect him.9 These are three grand keys whereby you may know whether any administration is from God.”

    See here for some commentary on these verses. Cf. Todd Compton, “The Handclasp and Embrace as Tokens of Recognition” under Ritual, and the story here.

  185. Richard G. Oman-  “Exterior Symbolism of the Salt Lake Temple: Reflecting the Faith that Called the Place into Being” BYU Studies,

    • Examines the history and symbolism of the SLC Temple- moonstones, starstones, sunstones, jupiter stones, etc. , as well as elevator shafts and other myths about the interior.
    • Summary.
    • Free download from BYU Studies.
  186. Richard Bennet, “‘Line upon Line, Precept upon Precept: Reflections on the 1877 Commencement of the Performance of Endowments and Sealings for the Dead” BYU Studies 44:3 (2005).

    • Summary.
    • A copy may be downloaded from BYU Studies for 2.00 from that page.
    • Prior to 1877, few ordinances for the dead were performed, due to the prevailing conceptions of family and sealing at the time (ie. “adoption.” For more on that topic, seeJames B. Allen, “Line upon Line,” Ensign, July 1979 and Gordon Irving, “The Law of Adoption: One Phase of the Development of the Mormon Concept of Salvation, 1830-1900,”  BYU Studies 14:3 )
  187. Greg and I have some different takes on things, but his FAIR Conference presentation is still useful.

    Greg Kearney, “The Message and the Messenger: Latter-day Saints and Freemasonry” 2005 FAIR Conference Presentation  

  188. Elder Hugh Pinnock. “Temples: Then, Now, and Forever.”  Temple conference at BYU, Nov. 1999. Available in Quicktime, Windows Media, or streaming audio.

  189. Revelation 8:3-4

    (This will be most instructive when read with “The Hand as a Cup in Ancient Temple Worship” and the associated Anchor Bible Dictionary article on incense censers, listed under Ritual.)

    And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.4 And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel’s hand.

    Incense is put in a censer, but the smoke from the burning incense rises out of the angel’s hand. Taking the text literally, there are two possibilities.

    1) A censer holds burning coals. The angel didn’t have a censer, since, having a celestial body, he could hold the coals in his hand.

    2) The angel had a censer shaped like a hand (see article listed above), and thus the censer is being referred to as the hand of the angel.

    In either case, we have an angel at an altar, with incense rising from a hand before God with the prayers of the saints.

    The Old Testament associates incense with prayer, asin Psalms 141:1-2, which, like many of the psalms, is a prayer. ” I call upon you, O LORD; come quickly to me; give ear to my voice when I call to you. 2 Let my prayer be counted as incense before you, and the lifting up of my hands as an evening sacrifice.”

    On the lifting up of hands, which is a posture of prayer, see the references under Prayer.

  190. Donald Parry. “He That Hath Clean Hands and a Pure Heart: Three Temple Entrance Hymns.” Temple conference at BYU, Nov. 1999. Available in Quicktime, Windows Media, or streaming audio.

  191. Susan Easton Black, “The Nauvoo Temple: Then and Now.” mp3 format.

    From BYU Broadcasting, it’s also available to stream.

  192. The Temple in the Book Of Mormon. Audiotape by John Welch. I found this tape at the Orem Public Library. They had a large collection of such tapes, at least when I was there several years ago. FARMS doesn’t sell it. I have an MP3 copy, but it’s 70 MB.

  193. Hugh Nibley presentation, “Abraham’s Creation Drama.”  Available in Quicktime, Windows Media, or streaming audio.

  194. “Mountain of the Lord.” Film produced in 1993 by the Church detailing the construction of the Salt Lake Temple. This is no longer available except from Church Distribution on VHS and DVD ($4.50). Fuller description here.

  195. “History at Temple Hill The Manti Temple.” Documentary on the Manti Temple by Dennis Lyman. Available here.

  196. “A Temple Dressed in White: The Saint George Temple.” Documentary by Dennis Lyman. Available here.

  197. Greg Kearney, a 3rd generation LDS Mason and FAIR member, also did a podcast, an audio interview about Masonry and Mormonism,  with Mormon Stories on this topic.

    It’s available via Itunes podcasts  or directly from Mormon Stories.(Link includes summary, comments by listeners, and a direct link to the audio file.) Podcast instructions from Mormon Stories.

    Bro. Kearney certainly qualifies as an expert on Masonic topics, but less so in terms of temple-related scripture and ancient ritual. Though I have some disagreements, this is useful to listen to.

  198. Kenneth W. Godfrey. “Freemasonry and the Temple.” -  EM: 528-529.

  199. Kenneth W. Godfrey. “Freemasonry in Nauvoo.”  EM: 527-28.

  200. The Mysteries of Godliness: A History of Mormon Temple Worship. Reviewed by Matthew Brown in FARMS Review of Books, 10:1 (1998):97-131. A thorough treatment.

  201. The Mysteries of Godliness: A History of Mormon Temple Worship. Reviewed by Danel W. Bachman and Kenneth W. Godfrey, in BYUS 36:2 (1996-1997): 245-249.

  202. The Mysteries of Godliness: A History of Mormon Temple Worship reviewed by FAIR, here.

  203. Jeff Lindsay’s FAQ on the subject is probably the best internet resource. It’s really quite good (and I’m not just saying that because he links to me, either.) I don’t recommend searching for others on the internet. You’ll find more than you’re looking for.

  204. Nick Literski, an LDS Mason (who used to have an excellent temple site), has a forthcoming book Method Infinite: Freemasonry and the Mormon Restoration on “the role of Freemasonry in the restoration of the gospel. This will begin back in early Vermont days, on up through the late 19th century” (email from Nick to me.) As such, it will touch on the restoration of the temple as a side issue. Further info on his publisher’s site.

  205. E. Cecil McGavin, Mormonism and Masonry

    • Older and very outdated source, previous to any of the scholarship listed on this page, in .PDF format. (If that doesn’t work, go here.)
  206. President Anthony W. Ivins. The Relationship between Mormonism and Masonry.

    • Similar caveats as above. Available in .PDF format. (If that link doesn’t work, go here and hunt for it by title or author.)
  207. Ben McGuire’s chapter on the temple in Mormonism 201 (responding to an antimormon book) from FAIR. The whole article is good, but requires scrolling.

  208. Elder John A. Widtsoe “Whence Came the Temple Endowments?” In Evidences and Reconciliations (Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1960): 111-113.

  209. An anonymous LDS historian’s response to Gerald and Sandra Tanner’s Mormonism- Shadow or Reality? This paper was widely circulated when it first appeared in 1977. For the comments on Masonry, see p. 21.

  210. Greg Kearney, “How does one explain the similarities between Masonic rites and the Temple rites?” FAIR paper.

    Same comments apply here as to his Mormon Stories podcast above.

  211. Nick Literski, Review of Clyde Forsberg’s Equal Rites: The Book of Mormon, Masonry, Gender, and American Culture. FRB 17:1 (2005):1-10

  212. Elder John A. Widtsoe. “Looking towards the Temple” Ensign, January (1972), 56.

  213. Elder John A. Widtsoe. “Fundamentals of Temple Doctrine.” Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine 13 (June 1922):129-35.

  214. Elder John A. Widtsoe. “Temple Worship” The Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine 12 (Apr. 1921): 49-66.

  215. “Sacred Time and the Temple.”  Brian M. Hauglid. TAW: 636-646.

  216. Beverly Campbell. “Eve.” EM: 475-76.

  217. “Adam- LDS Sources” EM: 15-18

  218. Truman Madsen, “The Temple and the Atonement.”  TAW, 63-80.

  219. BSAF = John M. Lundquist and Stephen D. Ricks, eds. By Study and Also by Faith: Essays in Honor of Hugh W. Nibley on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday. (SLC: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1990). 2 volumes.

    BYUS = BYU Studies. All articles are available for electronic download for $2 each.

    DAS = Stephen Ricks, Donald Parry, and Andrew Hedges. The Disciple as Scholar: Essays on Scripture and the Ancient World in Honor of Richard Lloyd Anderson. (Provo, UT: FARMS, 2000).

    EM = Daniel Ludlow, ed. Encyclopedia of Mormonism. (New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1992). ISBN: 0028796055

    JBMS = Journal of Book of Mormon Studies (FARMS).

    MEC = Hugh W. Nibley. Mormonism and Early Christianity. (Provo,Utah: FARMS,1987)

    OTRS = Hugh W. Nibley. Old Testament and Related Studies (Provo,Utah: FARMS, )

    TAC = Hugh W. Nibley. Temple and Cosmos- Beyond This Ignorant Present. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1992.)

    TAW = Donald W. Parry and Stephen D. Ricks. Temples of the Ancient World. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book and FARMS, 1994.)

    TTE = Donald W. Parry and Stephen D. Ricks. The Temple in Time and Eternity. (Provo, Utah: FARMS, 1999.)
    Many of these books and articles are available electronically on the GospeLink CD-rom, which you used to be able to get for $5 if you joined the Deseret Book Club, which is unfortunately no longer the case. GospeLink’s site is here. They are apparently soon shifting the program to be internet-based, so you can access the program from school, home, work, etc.

    I strongly recommend buying hard-copies of these books, both to have one and to support such research. Try buying them from the FAIR bookstore, FARMS (subscribe and get a member discount), or if you must, the good used book search engines on my front page. If you happen to be in the Chicago Hyde Park ward, several of these books are available in the ward library.

  220. This was given by Brigham Youngon April 6, 1853, at the cornerstone-laying ceremony for the Salt Lake Temple.

    Your endowment is, to receive all those ordinances in the house of the Lord, which are necessary for you, after you have departed this life, to enable you to walk back to the presence of the Father, passing the angels who stand as sentinels, being enabled to give them the key words, the signs and tokens, pertaining to the holy Priesthood, and gain your eternal exaltation in spite of earth and hell.

    -Discourses of Brigham Young, 416. This passage has been quoted in the following publications by General Authorities and LDS sources.

    Elder Packer, The Holy Temple, 153.

    President Harold B. Lee, Decisions for Successful Living (Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret Book, 1973): 140.

    Presdient Spencer W. Kimball, “The Things of Eternity—Stand We in Jeopardy?” Ensign, Jan (1977): 6

    Elder Carlos E. Asay, Family Pecan Trees- Planting a Legacy of Faith at Home (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1992): 221.

    Elder ElRay L. Christiansen, “Some Things You Need to Know About the Temple,” Ensign, January (1972): 66.

    Elder David B. Haight, “Come to the House of the Lord,” Ensign, May (1992): 15-16

    LaRene Gaunt, “Finding Joy in Temple Service,” Ensign, October (1994): 7.

    “Endowed with Covenants and Blessings,” Ensign, February (1995): 40.

    The Temple Preparation teachers manual and student manual.

    Malcolm S. Jeppsen, “Q&A: “What are the requirements for a person to receive a temple recommend for marriage?”” New Era, June (1975): 47.

  221. The LDS church offers a Temple Preparation class on request, though the manual doesn’t cover many of the things listed here. Ask your Bishop. I’ve recently been called to be the Temple Prep. teacher for our ward, and I am darn excited.

    The teacher’s manual for the class, entitled Endowed from On High: Temple Preparation Seminar is here. The student manual is an abridgment of Elder Packer’s The Holy Temple, available here. I have also created a webpage specifically for those preparing to go through the temple, here.

  222. “Sacred Stone: Temple on the Mississippi” Documetary shown on PBS and directed by Lee Groberg, detailing the building of the original Nauvoo Temple. Available here.

  223. BYU offers a three-credit class called “Texts and Ancient Temples” in the catalog under NELG 345. When I took it, Temples of the Ancient World and The Gate of Heaven were the textbooks. The class description reads “Major ancient Near Eastern texts dealing with the temple; analysis of primary elements of ancient temple type as a place of worship.” An excellent class, covering much of the material described on this webpage.

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